ANSWERS CAN BE FOUND IN CHAPTERS 4-5 OF BOOK:
Psychological Testing: A Practical Introduction
Thomas P. Hogan, 2015
1. Consider this statement: The Scranton Anxiety Test and the
Scranton Depression Test must be measuring different constructs because one
names ‘anxiety’ and the other names ‘depression’ as their target constructs.”
This statement is an example of ______.
a. a self-contradiction b. the jangle fallacy c. criterion
contamination d. confusing norms with validity
2. The response cards for the PPVT each contain ______.
a. four pictures b. four words c. four sentences d. one
3. In item response theory, we usually represent the
relationship between performance on an item and status on the trait of interest
in terms of ______.
a. an item p-value b. a Pearson correlation c. an item
characteristic curve d. the reading level of the item
4. The raw score to scaled score conversions on the Wechsler
intelligence scales are done separately by ______.
a. gender b. age group c. geographic region d. urban vs.
5. The extent to which a test measures what it purports to
measure is called the test’s ______.
a. purpose b. reliability c. validity d. strength
6. The correlation between Y and predictors X1, X2,...Xk is
called a ______.
a. coefficient of multiple correlation b. factor analysis c.
coefficient of multiple determination d. coefficient of multiple
7. Theta values usually range from ______.
a. -1.0 to 1.0 b. .0 to 1.0 c. 1.0 to 4.0 d. -4.0 to 4.0
8. In the study of group differences in intelligence, what is
generally true about the distributions for the various groups being studied?
a. They differ in skewness. b. They are non-overlapping. c. They
differ in variability. d. They overlap.
9. What is now referred to as intellectual disability was
previously referred to as ______.
a. mental retardation b. misadaptive behavior c. learning
problems d. behavioral dysfunction
10. What statistic would ordinarily be used to show that a
college admissions test predicts freshman year GPA?
a. mean b. standard deviation 2 c. t-test d. correlation
11. Which of these types of validity evidence emerged most
recently in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing?
a. content b. criterion-related c. construct d.
12. Which of these is an advantage of selected-response items
over constructed-response items?
a. The selected-response items are less expensive to construct.
b. The selected-response items are easier to construct. c. The
selected-response items have better validity. d. The selected-response items
have better scorer reliability.
13. The research on heredity and environmental influences has
shown that shared family variance has ______.
a. enormous influence b. surprisingly little influence c. no
influence at all d. a negative influence
14. A test’s specificity refers to the extent to which the test
a. avoids identifying the contrast group b. correctly identifies
the criterion group c. correctly identifies the contrast group d. fails to
identify the criterion group
15. When factor analysis is used as an item analysis technique,
the test developer usually selects for inclusion in a scale or test those items
a. low loadings b. moderate loadings c. high loadings 3 d.
16. The index scores on the Wechsler scales are outgrowths of
what type of research?
a. content validity b. split-half reliability c. factor analysis
d. convergent validity
17. Which is NOT a domain covered by the Vineland Adaptive
a. socialization b. motor skill c. communication d. driving
18. Which type of reliability is most easily completed as part
of the standardization program for a test?
a. internal consistency b. test-retest c. alternate form d.
19. Piaget is mainly identified with which theory of
a. “g” b. primary mental abilities c. developmental model d.
20. Most group administered ability and achievement tests use a
_____ response format.
a. true-false b. multiple-choice c. fill-in-the-blank d.
21. According to the Flynn effect, IQs of entire populations are
a. increasing on average 4 b. decreasing on average c. remaining
constant on average but increasing in variability d. remaining constant on
average but decreasing in variability
22. In individually administered intelligence tests, it is
usually important for the examiner to score items immediately in order to
a. save time later in determining total scores b. decide when to
discontinue testing c. not forget what the examinee’s response was d. prepare
the test booklet for machine-scoring
23. One of the most lasting developments from Guilford’s
Structure of Intellect model was the distinction between ______.
a. convergent and divergent abilities b. male and female
abilities c. verbal and non-verbal abilities d. reasoning and intuition
24. What is an important characteristic of all the elementary
cognitive tasks presented in the text?
a. They are all simple. b. They are all complex. c. They are all
time-consuming. d. They are all non-verbal.
25. Which is NOT one of the index scores provided by
a. verbal comprehension b. problem solving c. working memory d.