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|Question # 47989||Economics||3 months ago|
1. b) Answer the following questions based on Sen, Amartya. 1990. “More Than 100 Million Women Are Missing", New York Review of Books..
A) How does the author reach the estimated “100 million missing women”? Keep your answers to within 3-4 sentences (2 points)
B) Discuss why reasons like “East-West” and economic development may not explain the skewed sex ratio? Keep your answers to within 2-3 sentences (1.5 points)
C) One of the reasons for missing women is the concept of son-preference. Often women themselves exhibit a strong preference for sons. Why may this be the case Keep your answers to within 2-3 sentences (1.5 points)
2. The household members try to maximize a pie which involves both members’ preferences
max q A ,q Bµ A ∗ U A (q A ,q B ) + µ B ∗ U B (q A ,q B )
such that p(q A + q B ) = y A + y B + y
A) In the equation above, what do µ A and µ B measure and what is their significance in the context of household bargaining power? Keep your explanation to sentences. (1.5 points)
B) Explain why each household member’s utility function depends on their own consumption bundle and that of the other member’s. Keep your answer within 2-3 sentences (2 points)
C) Let’s say we have a unanimous household. Explain what happens to the objective function highlighting the values of µ A and µ B and the utility functions of person A and person B. Keep your explanation to 1-2 sentences. (1.5 points)
3. Answer the following questions based on Qian, Nancy (2008). “Missing Women and the Price of Tea in China: The Effect of Sex-Specific Income on Sex Imbalance,” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 123(3)
A) Describe the main question of the paper. Your answer should highlight both the unitary model of household (and bargaining power) and the missing women phenomenon. Keep your answer within 3-4 sentences. (2 points)
B) What specific policy/event does the author use? Your answer should include a discussion on the prices of tea vs. orchards? Keep your answer within 2-3 sentences.
C) What are the main results of the paper regarding children’s education and their survival rates? Keep your answer between 2-3 sentences (1.5 points)
4. Answer the following questions based on your understanding of Muralidharan, Karthik & Nishith Prakash. “Cycling to School: Increasing Secondary School Enrollment for Girls in India”, American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, Vol. 9 (3), July 2017, pp. 321 350.
(a) Explain the graphs in Panel A and Panel B below. Keep your answer within 3-4 sentences. (2 points)
(b) Why do the authors classify the Cycle Program in Bihar as both a demand-side and supply- side intervention? Keep your answer within 2-3 sentences. (1.5 points)
(c) What are the main results of the paper? Keep your answer within 2-3 sentences. (1.5
5. In Acemogulu, Daron, Simon Johnson and James A. Robinson (2001). “Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution," Quarterly
Journal of Economics, 2002., what do the authors mean by institutional reversal? Keep your response between 3-4 sentences. (2 points)