"How does it help students?
When students engage in career planning — career exploration, understanding of labor market information,
goal-setting, pathway selection, ongoing review of goals, and reflection — coupled with education planning,
students set out on the right path with a clear plan of study. These intentional planning activities save students
time, frustration, and money while advancing them toward their career and education goals. Students develop
important decision-making and metacognitive skills as they learn to align their strengths and interests to
potential careers and to make important data-informed decisions for themselves. Students develop agency
as the iterative process allows for students to reassess their goals, adjust their career and education plans, and
change their trajectory. Integrated career and education planning permits documentation of such changes and
allows for adjustments to students’ interests and career goals. It facilitates productive conversations with faculty,
counselors, and other staff, helping students to persist toward their goals. Career planning assists all students by
providing information about careers with high earning potential, and, for disproportionately impacted students,
it can reduce equity gaps and help support economic and social mobility" (Ezarik).